रानी पादमावती

रानी पद्मिनी की वीर गथा

सुंदरता की रानी पद्मावती को कौन नहीं जानता अपने कुल गौरव और मर्यादा की रक्षा के लिए मर मिटने वाली उस आदर्श नारी की कीर्ति गाथा आज  भी घर घर मे सुनी जाती है । जीवन की अपेक्षा जीवन मूल्यों को महत्व देने वाली इस वीरांगना की गौरवमई घटना आज भारतीय संस्कृति का एक उदाहरण बन चुकी है । पद्मिनी चित्तौड़ के राजा रतनसेन की पटरानी थी वह सिंहल द्वीप की राजकुमारी थी और अपूर्व सुंदरी थी उसके सौंदर्य की प्रसिद्धि दूर दूर तक फैल गई थी यही अनुपम सौंदर्य उसकी विपत्तियों का कारण बन गया था

 

दिल्ली के बादशाह अलाउद्दीन खिलजी ने जब उस अनंत सुंदरी की चर्चा सुनी तो वह इसे पाने के लिए लालायित हो उठा । रूप का लोभी खिलजी मन मन में उसकी चाहत ने बेचैन रहने लगा और उसे पाने के लिए बेचैन रहने लगा और उसे पाने के उपाय खोजने लगा । जब उसे पता चला कि वह एक भारतीय पतिव्रता नारी है ओर वह भोग विलास , धन वैभव , ताज तख्त, किसी भी लालच में उसकी पत्नी नही बनेगी तो उसने चित्तौड़ पर आक्रमण कर बलात उठाकर उसे अपनी पत्नी बनाने का निश्चय किया । अय्याश खिलजी एक बड़ी सेना लेकर चित्तौड़ पहुंचा और किले को घेर लिया । उधर राजपूत वीरों ने प्रण किया हुआ था की जी जान की बाजी लगा काट भी वे अपनी रानी के मआब सम्मान की रक्षा करेंगे ओर जीते जी खिलजी को किले में पांव भी नही रखने देंगे । खिलजी लंबे समय तक घेरा डाले पड़ा रहा किन्तु दुर्ग पर अधिकार नई कार सका आखिर उस दुष्ट एवं बादशाह ने कुटनीति की चाल चलने की सोची । उसने राजा रतनसेन के पास एक दूत भेजकर संदेश कहलाया की “यदि एक बार रानी पद्मिनी को देखने का अवसर दे दें तोह मैं घेरा उठा कर वापस दिल्ली लौट जाऊंगा ” । दूत से यह संदेश सुनकर राजा रत्नसेन ओर राजपूत वीर क्रोध से दांत पीसने लगे । किन्तु रानी पद्मिनी ने दूरदर्शिता का परिचय देते हुए कहा – “मैं नही चाहती कि मेरे कारण चित्तौड़ बर्बाद हो और मेवाड़ कर वीरों का व्यर्थ खून बहाया जाए।” रानी को समूर्ण राज्य और अपनी प्रजा की चिंता थी।उनकी रक्षा के लिए उन्होंने मध्य मार्ग  अपनाते हुए इस्समस्या का समाधान निकाला और पति रत्नसेन को समझाया कि “यदि अलाउद्दिन शीशे में मेरा मुख देख ले और वापिस लौट जाए तो इसमें आपको कोउ आपत्ति नही होनी चाहिए बिना रक्त बहाये यदि यह आपत्ति ताल जाए तो इसी में चित्तौड़ का हित है।” पद्मिनी की राज्यभक्ति और प्रजा वत्सलता देख कर राजा रत्नसेन इसके लिए तैयार हो गए ओट दूत के द्वारा उन्होंने अपना यह प्रस्ताव खिलजी के पास भिजवा दिया । अल्लाउद्दीन ने इस प्रस्ताव को तुरंत स्वीकार कर लिया ।

 

और फिर अगले दिन अलाउद्दीन चित्तौड़ के राजमहल में पद्मिनी को देखने के लिए पहुंचा। दर्पण में पद्मिनी के मुखारविंद को देखकर वह आश्चर्य चकित रह गया। ऐसा अपूर्व सौंदर्य !इतने अलोकिक सौन्दर्य की तो उसने कल्पना भी नही की थी। कुटिल ख़िलज़ी के मन मे पद्मिनी को पाने की की लालसा शांत होने की अपेक्षा ओर तीव्र हो गयी। और रत्नसेन जब उसे किले के बाहर तक विदा करने के लिए साथ गया तो अलाउद्दीन ने अपने सैनिकों को संकेत कर उसे बंदी बना लिया। रत्नसेन ने कभी सपने में भी नही सोच था कि एवं बादशाह इतना नीच , छली, ओर कपटी भी हो सकता है। वह तोह उसकी बात पर विश्वास कर के सरल हृदय से उसे विदा करने आया था। उसे नाही मालूम था कि खिलजी बादशाहत के नाम पर एक कलंक है।

 

रतन सेन को बंदी बनाने के बाद अलाउद्दीन ने किले में प्रस्ताव भेजा कि यदि रानी पद्मिनी को उसे सोंप दिया जाए तो राजा रत्नसेन को मुक्त कर दिया जाएगा। रानी पद्मिनी ने यह तोदेख ही लुया था कि खिलज़ी एक नीच व्यक्ति है। और उसके पास एक विशाल सेना है। अतः उसे सिर्फ कूटनीति से ही वश में किया जा सकता है। पद्मिनी ने अपने वीर सेना नायक गोरा से मंत्रणा करके एक कूट योजना बनाई ओर खिलजी को कहला भेजा की “मुझे तुम्हारी शर्त मंजूर है।”किन्तु मेरी भी एक शर्त है, और वह यह कि मैं पहले अपने पति से मिलना चाहूंगी। मेरे साथ मेरी सैकड़ों सुंदर सहचरिया ओर दासियाँ भी आएंगी। अलाउद्दीन पद्मिनी को पाने के लिए बेताब हो रहा था। संदेश सुनकर उसे लगा कि बस अब तो पदमिनि उसे मिल गयी। उसने उत्तर में रानी को कहलवाया की “मुझे तुम्हारी शर्त मंजूर है”। अलाउद्दिन दीवाना हुआ जा रहा था।

 

अलाउद्दीन का उत्तर पाकर रानी पद्मिनी ओर राजपूत वीरों की खुशी का ठिकाना न रहा। उनकी कूटनीतिक योजना रंग ला रही थी। सैकड़ों पालकिया सजाई गई, जिसमे प्रत्येक में दो दो राजपूत सैनिक स्त्री वेश बनाकर बैठ गए और चार चार पालकी ढोने वाले चल रहे थे। इसप्रकार हज़ारो कुटवेषी सैनिको के साथ पदमिनि अपने पति से मिलने के लिए चली। पदमिनि की पालकी के दोनों ओर सर्वश्रेष्ठ वीर गोरा और बादल घोड़ो पर सीगल रहे थे । पालकियों का काफिला अलाउद्दीन के सेना शिविर में पहुंचा । पदमिनि की पालकी में बैठे स्त्री वेश धारि वीर सैनिक ने अपने पति से मिलने का स्वांग रचा। ओर तुरंत राजा रतन सेन को मुक्त कर दिया। इशारा पाते ही राजपूत सैनिक एवं सेना पर टूट पड़े। यवन सेना में भगदड़ मच गई। अलाउद्दीन की पराजय हुई गोरा और बदल की वीरता तथा चतुराई के कारण राजा रत्नसेन सकुशल चित्तौड़ के किले में पहुंच गए।

अलाउद्दीन ने इस अपमानजनक हार का बदला लेने के की सोची। कुछ समय पश्चात शक्ति जुटाकर उसने फिर चित्तौड़ पर आक्रमण कर दिया । भयंकर युद्ध हुआ । इस युद्ध मे राजा रत्नसेन वीरगति को प्राप्त हुआ। अलाउद्दीन को को अब लगा कि अब पद्मावती उसके हाथ मे आ जायेगी। पात्मनि को जब अपने पति के मर जाने का समाचार मिला तो उसने एक विशाल चिटा बनवाई ओर सैकड़ों राजपूत नारियों के साथ जलती चिटा में कूद कर भस्म हो गयी। अलाद्दीन किले को जीतता हुआ एक विजेता के भिमान में भरकर जब पदमिनि को पाने के लिए उसके महल में पहुंचा तो उसे उसकी रख ही मिली। अलाउद्दिन पद्मावती के भस्म होने की सूचना पाकर भौचक राह गया। एक बार लगा कि जैसे पैरो के तले से जमीन खिसक गई हो उसने कभी सोचा भी नही था कि कोई नारी इतना बड़ा बलिदान भी कर सकती है। एक औरत को पाने के लिए अपने और पराये हजारों लोगो का खून बहाने वाला  तथा बादशाहत को कलंकित करने वाला खिलजी सिर नीचा किये खाली हाथों अपने शिविर में लौट गया। ओर फिर दिल्ली को प्रस्थान किया। बादशाहत का इतना स्वार्थपूर्ण दुरुपयोग शायद ही किसी ने किया हो।

 

और अपने कुल गौरव , मर्यादा, आदर्श , सतीत्व की रक्षा के लिए इतना महान बलिदान भी शायद ही किसी रानी ने दिया हो। सती होने कोई अछि बात नही किन्तु यहां पदमिनि की विवशता थी। उसके सामने अपनी मर्यादा की रक्षा का और कोई उपाय नही था ।

पतिव्रता देवी पदमिनि ने जीवन की अपेक्षा अपने जीवन मूल्यों को अधिक महत्व दिया। यही इस घटना की महती प्रेरणा है। अवधि भाषा मे लिखा हुआ पद्मावत नामक महाकाव्य इसी बलिदान गाथा पर आधारित है। जिसके रचयिता प्रसिद्ध सूफी कवि मालिक मुहम्मद जायसी हैं। सूफी कवि इस बलिदान से इतना प्रभावित हुआ कि उसने इस घटना को एक महाकाव्य का रूप दे डाला।

Gwalior- The Pearl of Castles’ Necklace in India

 

Gwalior has been the most impressive and Royal city of Madhya Pradesh. The place has a great importance in History and has been always famous for its wonderful castles in India.  If we still fantasize Royal Living and their stories then Gwalior is one of the best places to visit. Gwalior has much to tell, it has been located in a strategic location in the Grids of India, and has been ruled by various North Indian rulers. Tomars, Mughals, Marathas, and Scindias all have ruled here from time to time. For Britishers, the place has always been a princely state. The city is the valley surrounded by mountains. And now it has become under the provision of smart cities in the era of 21st century.

 

The name Story of Gwalior

The name” Gwalior” has a folk story attached to it. It is said that Suraj Sen a prince of Gurjar- Pratihar clan during 8th century once lost his way in the forest and on asking help and drinking water from a sage named Gwalipa, the sage took him to a pond where the water quenched his thirst and cured his leprosy too. Our of honor and gratitude Suraj Sen asked Gwalipa what he can do for him, and in answer, Gwalipa asked to build a wall on the hill to protect all sages and their pujas from wild animals and beasts. In return, Suraj Sen builds a fort and named it Gwalior after the sage.

 

Do you Know?

Gwalior is among the five princely states of India along with Hyderabad, Baroda, Mysore, Jammu and Kashmir who still enjoys 21 gun salutes.

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Best Places to Visit in Puducherry- Holiday trip to Pondicherry

Pondicherry- India’s French Connection

Whenever we speak about English, Dutch and French invaders and their influence on our country, we cannot escape from taking about Pondicherry.  Pondicherry became a notable place during foreign invasions, especially during French entrance. Though French invasion and trading started long back during the 16th century, still Pondicherry acquired its fame and name in 1673. During 1673, French acquired this area from the Qiladar of Valikondapuram during the rule of Sultan of Bijapur. And French people named this place as Pondicherry. Now the name changed to Puducherry which is derived from the original name “Puducheri”, it means “new settlement” in Tamil local language. Though Puducherry had its existence since back from Roman times, its existence and other details in recorded since 1674 after the French started to reside and operate from this place.

As per the archaeological department records, there are indications that Romans visited the place back in first century AD for trade. Remains have been found during excavation done in Arikamedu which is just 7 kilometers towards the south of Pondicherry. Reference has been found that Romans used to come to trade at Poduca in Indian coast which meant Pondicherry.

Do you know?

Francois Martin founded Pondicherry who was the First Governor General of the place. He was also the Commissioner of French East India Company.  He made Puducherry the capital of all the four territories- Yanam, Mahe, Karikal, and Chandernagore that were under French rule.

 

Pondicherry has a huge influence of Portuguese, The Dutch, The French and the English, you can find different culture here, and the place has all such references too. Initially, it was a small fishing village and with time it grew to be a huge port city which was and is accessed for trading and import and export of valuable materials. The place has its vintage history and you can still find the air is filled with those foreign cultures and practices.

Pondicherry is a beautiful place with Bay of Bengal at its one border. The place has temples, churches, and mosques. People of different culture and tradition reside over here. It is a laid-back beach city often called a French colony. The place is neat and clean. Different from other cities in India, this place has all the roads, with a name engraved on a board with direction, this will help to navigate easily even without a GPS.

Do you know?

 Puducherry is still a Union Territory of India. And being a Union Territory Pondicherry has its own Legislative Assembly.

 

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How to Celebrate Green and Pollution free Diwali this Year?

Celebrate Green Diwali in 2017

This Diwali celebration is surrounded by a lot of restrictions, be it Firecracker ban or a movement towards avoiding China product usage. I thought a lot on this…as since from childhood for us, Diwali meant lighting in the whole house with small ‘tuni’ bulbs and diyas, sweets and lots of firecrackers. And now all of a sudden when obstructions and restrictions are coming in our way, then how can we celebrate it with the fun of that similar level. I thought a lot and came up with small ideas. Today I am going to share those with you, hope this will help you to celebrate your Diwali in a similar way.

Emotional touch.

Have you ever seen a dog or cat or any other animal running about here and there during each Diwali while people start bursting crackers? You must have noticed. We all know animals are far more sensitive than a human being, especially they can hear and smell more deeply than us, and all of a sudden when the crackers start bursting they cannot relate it and out of fear they start to run here and there. Last year, I still remember the very next day of Diwali I saw a black colored roadside dog of our locality got severely ill, due to a sudden burn on his back and spinal area due to flying crackers which came and burst over him, Thank God! He is still alive now far better and can move on himself, but he lost his running capacity. And this is a true story! This happens everywhere. Coming to air pollution, you all know how our area and environment is getting polluted day by day. Now even kids along with elders are suffering from asthma, do you know why? It’s just because of air pollution. So if we can contribute little to stop or lessen this air pollution rate, then why not?

So this Diwali let us make a promise to make our world and environment better. Let’s try to give a healthy life and environment to our elders, younger fellows and to those innocent animals and pets.

Twelve Ways to Celebrate Green Diwali this Year:

But still we cannot miss our happiness, fun, and celebration so let’s check out what we can do this Diwali:

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Know the Heritage Sites which are Must Visit Places in Nalanda, Bihar

Nalanda- The Most Ancient Treasure Of India In Respect To Education, History, Culture And Religion

Bihar has always been another treasure of our country. With times there may be a deterioration of the place due to some political and social issues but yes, if you want to look back towards our treasure of history, Nalanda will come up to be a gem place. Nalanda has been the first global seat of learning. This was the oldest university and eminent center of learning that existed in the ancient age before Oxford or Cambridge. This place got its reference even in the writing of Huan Tsang and I- Tsing. Nalanda is located in Southeast direction of Patna and is about 95 kilometers away from Patna near Bihar Sharif. Nalanda was the pride of Magadha (currently known as Bihar) which still infuses a feeling of nostalgia among us.

Nalanda word is basically a Sanskrit word which comes from three words- Na+alam+Daa that mean “no stop for giving out knowledge”. It was Mahavihara which had a lot of nalas- which means lotus stalks. That is why Lotus symbolizes knowledge.

It is believed that Gupta Dynasty founded the university. Shakraditya is accredited for the foundation of the University. Nalanda University was established probably during the reign of Kumara Gupta. In 1193, Nalanda University was completely destroyed by Turkish Army which was led by Bakhtiar Khilji of Mamluk Dynasty.

In 1915 during an excavation done by Archeological Survey of India, remains of Nalanda University were found out. Nalanda University rather Nalanda the place has its great importance in Buddhism and Jainism. It is said that Mahavira had spent near about fourteen rainy seasons in Nalanda and Gautama Buddha used to deliver speeches to his disciples at Nalanda. 

Do you Know?

Harshavardhana, Dharmapala, Vasubandhu, Suvishnu, Dharmakirti, Asanga,  Shantarakhsita, Aryadeva, Nagarjuna, Padmasambhava, Hwui Li, and  Xuanzang were some notable scholars who passed of Nalanda University.

 

Click here to know the historical and notable places to visit in Nalanda

Renaissance- The Story of a Cadet’s Life.- Episode 15

 Renaissance- The Story of a Cadet’s Life.

Recap- In the last episode we have seen on the train there was a girl named Samiksha, she was sitting all alone but she was lost in some thoughts, she missed Nagina, and an old lady asked her where she was going. Suddenly Samiksha came out of her thoughts and replied to the aunty what she can do for her.

 Episode- 15

 That lady looked at her and murmured “kothaye jaachho tumi”. Samiksha has no idea what that lady is asking she looked everyone as someone going to help her. “Kahan Ja Rahi ho(where are you going)”someone translated that kothaye jaachho tumi as a favor for Samiksha she smiled at the lady and said, “to the last station”. And started looking outside with an expression as she is no more interested answering her queries, Plugged her earphone again and started listening songs shuffling her playlist she chooses that title track from movie Kal ho na ho.

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Renaissance- The Story of a Cadet’s Life.- Episode 14

Renaissance- The Story of a Cadet’s Life.

Recap- In the last episode, we have seen  Shaksham and Farhaan were trying to get inside the coach but all the doors were closed. They were struggling here and there to make some place in it, but things were not getting matured. In the meantime the train started to leave the station and Shaksham anyhow managed to cling to a door, which was closed, he tried to hold it tight and reach next station so that he can find out a way to get inside the train.

 

Episode-14

 ANOTHER SURPRISE

 After a long wait and so terribly hassled by the commander’s lecture Shaksham was in between the edge of life and death. There were thousands of passengers in the train with their own reason for the journey. But there was someone inside in the train in deep thought with some unanswered questions in her mind. Samiksha Pandey from Saharanpur With an average physics, beautiful eyes, short lengthened layered hair, small glittering earrings and a nose ring. She was sitting in some dilemma. She was listening song on her phone by plugging earphone but her expressions were clear that she’s into deep thought. She was so lost and don’t even noticed that Nagina station had passed. Inside her compartment, everyone kept looking at her as she was the only passenger on the train. Some Bengali aunties kept chattering about the possibilities that how come a girl without luggage traveling like this. When Samiksha boarded the train from Saharanpur she was in trouble and was fearing like anything. All these things did not bother Samiksha.

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Ayodhya- Know When, Why and How to visit this Holy Place

Ayodhya- the holy city of Lord Ram

When we speak about our great Hindu Mythology then Uttar Pradesh in North India has a special importance. Both for Ramayana and Mahabharata has evolved from the same state. Ayodhya is the birthplace of Ram and Hastinapur is the place from where Mahabharata still have its existence in Uttar Pradesh.  And being an Indian everyone has a curiosity about the place. Today we are going to explore Ayodhya which inculcates the complete set of Ramayana.

Ayodhya being considered as one of seven important pilgrimage sites or Saptapuri has great importance. Later during Mughal rule, Ayodhya was also named as Awadh and during the rule of Babar, a mosque was erected in the place of the temple which was considered as the birthplace of Lord Rama. Later this mosque was demolished and currently, there is a small temple. Ram Janmbhoomi has always been a highly debatable question. And this debate has always made this place scary for common people to visit due to often disputes that keep on going. Though the place is few kilometers away from Lucknow, and one of sacred pilgrim places still there are few visitors every year. Whatever it is Ayodhya has always been a historical place and Indian have lot see and know about the place. So today I will be sharing with you few places which make Ayodhya unique and a true destination point.

Do you know?

Ayodhya was previously known as Saketa or Saket. Saketa is a Sanskrit word which means Heaven. This place was considered to a place where God used to reside.

 

Places to visit in Ayodhya

Let’s check what the “must see” places in Ayodhya are:

Ram Janmabhoomi Temple

The place of Ram Janam Bhoomi has always been a debatable one. As per Hindu mythology, Ramayana-Ram’s birthplace is considered as the Sarayu river banks. But the Hindu section demands the land of Ayodhya where Babri Masjid used to be during the 16th century as the exact birthplace of Lord Rama. History says during Mughal rule under the instruction of Babar the temple was demolished and was a mosque was erected which later during the 20th century the mosque was broken down and a temple was erected. And as per the excavation report by Archaeological survey of India, there was a temple beneath the mosque. After the riot, the temple is now under construction. The place is under the high security of commandos. There you have to go through tough security check. You will find a lot of monkeys jumping here and there. The passage of entrance is narrow. You will find the idol of Ram Lalla inside. Initially, the temple was temporarily on Swiss tent but now the construction work is on.

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Renaissance- The Story of a Cadet’s Life.- Episode 13

Renaissance- The Story of a Cadet’s Life.

Recap- All cadets were ready on onboard but the train got delayed by 2 hrs and 10 minutes which made all cadets feel frustrated. In the meanwhile, Shaksham took out his diary and started writing something when Anuj asked about the same he said he writes a patriotic poem for his country. In the meantime, the train came but it was overloaded and it was dark all around, so they were confused how to get onboard without disturbing others.

Episode 13

Shaksham and Farhaan rushed towards the sleeper coaches, they try to open the door but it was locked from inside, they knocked it but no one came to open the door, they moved towards another compartment but it was also locked then Shaksham advised to Farhaan, “we both should go in different directions of train and if you find any open door then call out to me, now the time is too short in departure and Shaksham move towards the engine and Farhaan to opposite side, Anuj was following to Shaksham then Shaksham said to Anuj, “you go in the last and search if there is an open door for any sleeper and 3rd ac coach” and Anuj moved quickly and Shaksham moved in advance towards engine but he was not getting any open door, even he knocked many of the doors but no one opened it, Meanwhile, a long train horn, and then train moved a little bit with a Short Horn, Shaksham turn behind and looked with foresight till end but there was none of his buddies’s on the platform, he murmured, “which coach they board”. The train was now slowly picking up momentum and the throbbing of Shaksham was increasing the speed of the train, quickly he moves towards the end of the train in search of that open door in which his buddies entered.

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Renaissance- The Story of a Cadet’s Life.- Episode 12

Renaissance- The Story of a Cadet’s Life.

Recap- Farhaan and Shaksham after getting rid of NCC officer started laughing in happiness due to their smooth escape this time. In the meantime, Anuj came and poked in and gave the tickets to them and informed due to Shivratri festival they need to arrange for boarding the train before time as there will be a lot of rush. At 9.30 pm all the cadets came in the place and Farhaan divided the team into five groups for easy onboarding. Let’s see what happened next…

Episode 12

Shaksham walked towards the Farhaan and said to him, “ there would be only four general compartment in this train, it will be first two and possibly last two compartment of the train, so we people should place the luggage according to first and last compartment otherwise we will waste time unnecessarily while running towards the general compartment.
Farhaan nodded and said, “You are right” and they did the same.

 

It was around 9 : 50 and a Jingle sound came, it was an announcement about train, “May I have your attention please, “Jammu Tavi Shiyaldah Exp” from Jammu to Shiyaldah via Haridwar, Luxor, Najibabad, Moradabad to Shiyaldah is scheduled by 10: 10 PM is delayed by 2 hours 10 Minute on platform no. 1, the inconvenience caused is deeply regretted.” All the cadets shook their heads and someone said in frustration’ “why the trains get often delayed in India from its scheduled time.” All the cadets were blaming to Indian railway only and slowly they get set on the benches and they soon began to take a short nap.

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